Information Systems Technology in Agriculture

Information Systems Technology in Agriculture – Information systems are computer applications to support the operation of an organization: operating, installation, and maintenance of computers, software, and data. Management Information System is a key field that emphasizes financial and personnel management. ‘Information System’ can be a combination of several elements of computer-based technologies that interact with each other and work together on the basis of a working procedure (work rules) that have been established, where the process and process data into a form of information that can be used in decision support.

In literature the term mastery of technology (technological acquisition) is defined as the ability to produce and memenej process of technological change. This acquisition process through the stages of selecting, obtaining, applying, memanaj, adopt, imitate, acquiring, upgrading and control technology from abroad that have been advanced effectively and efficiently (Stewart, 1981).

Appropriate Technology is a technology that suits the needs of the community, can answer the problems of the people, not harm the environment and can be utilized by the community as a convenient, inexpensive and produce the added value of both economic and environmental aspects. Utilization of appropriate technology optimally will be realized when there is transfer of technology from the creator or owner of the appropriate technology to the public using appropriate technology. Reality shows that the new findings regarding the appropriate technology is quite rapid, both discovered by the community, business, universities settled down, research institutions and government-owned development or private.

Changes in agricultural technology are influenced by internal factors (experience and needs of oneself) and external factors (government policies, extension) changes in agricultural technology affect socio-economic state of society, but does not change the social status of the customs.

Along with improving the quality of the resources of farmers and agricultural actors and the advancement of information and communication technologies as well as consideration of the effectiveness and efficiency of the dissemination of information, one of the solutions offered in order to address issues of agricultural technology transfer and knowledge is the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) are for the extension farm known as “cyber extension” which is the use of on-line network, computer and digital interactive multimedia to facilitate the dissemination of agricultural technologies. This model is considered highly strategic because it can increase access to information for farmers, extension workers, researchers in both research institutes and in universities as well as the extension manager. In addition to using “cyber extension” of agricultural extension is currently also use multiple information systems for rural communities to support the business and agricultural businesses as well as repair of household economies of rural communities. Multiple communication yan used as systemtelephone, wireless information systems, off-talk communication, FAX, CATV, personal computer communication, video tex, satellite communication systems, Internet (EI-net), television telephone system. With the technology used in agricultural extension is expected to improve extension services to farmers’ activities in providing advance yangsemakin agricultural innovation and help the agricultural extension officers play a role in coordinating the elements of agriculture in the region to establish cooperation denganpihak parties or relevant authorities.

Lack of appropriate technology that greatly affect the productivity of agricultural commodities in general, so it has not achieved the optimization of the actual utilization of land resources has the potential to deliver more results. The low productivity of land is characterized by the large gap in the results obtained with the results at the farmer level, the level of research. There are three components that cause low productivity technology is the application of cultivation technology that is still low, the use of varieties that are less in accordance with the conditions lokalita, as well as the still large yield losses after harvest. Lack of technology in the form and magnitude of loss lokalita varieties at harvest and post harvest is an indicator of weak guidance to farmers and minimmya regional role in generating technology.

The technology used is relatively simple and less its application is still on target, this is because the regeneration of extension is not running, the interest of farmers to technology and finding information is still weak, because the media use of agricultural information has not been widespread.

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